Periodontal Maintenance

Gum Disease Tempe AZ

Periodontal diseases affect the hard and soft tissues surrounding the teeth, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth.

Inflammation and infection in the gums most often result from dental plaque and the bacteria that produces it. Depending on the type, severity and location of the gum disease various methods are used to treat it. While some health problems can make gum disease more likely (especially diabetes and any condition that affects your immune system),proper daily brushing and flossing will prevent most periodontal conditions.

Call Tempe Office Phone Number 480-839-4550 with any questions or to make an appointment.

Why is oral hygiene so important?

Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases, (periodontal disease) than from cavities. Three out of four adults are affected at some time in their life. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is by good tooth brushing and flossing techniques, performed daily.

Periodontal disease and decay are both caused by bacterial plaque. Plaque is a colorless film, which sticks to your teeth. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth so daily brushing and flossing is the only way you can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease. Calculus (tartar) is plaque that accumulates and remains on the teeth long enough to mineralize and has to be removed professionally.

Regular dental check-ups with a professional dental hygiene cleaning removes the plaque you’ve been missing, removes calculus or tartar that forms on teeth, and allows the dental hygienist or dentist to give you tips on better home care.

Other important factors affecting the health of your gums include:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Stress
  • Clenching and grinding teeth
  • Medication
  • Poor nutrition

Periodontal Disease

Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to painful infections and eventually tooth loss.

Preventing Gum Disease

The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress.